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Uganda’s Resilience in the Face of Climate Change: A Call for Urgent Action


In recent years, Uganda has faced escalating challenges arising from the devastating impacts of climate change. Governments worldwide have woken up to the harsh reality of the climate crisis, and Uganda must seize this critical moment to take decisive action.

Climate education, which encompasses environmental education, sustainable development, and eco-social competence, holds the key to building a sustainable future and inspiring action at both personal and societal levels.

However, despite some efforts to incorporate climate change education in schools, much remains to be done to make it an integral part of the curriculum. This article explores Uganda’s current climate change situation, its impacts, and the urgent need for comprehensive climate education and sustainable practices.

Uganda’s Vulnerability to Climate Change:

Over the past few decades, Uganda has witnessed a steady rise in average temperatures, increased minimum and maximum temperatures, and irregular rainfall patterns. This shift in climate has led to severe consequences, such as prolonged droughts and unpredictable, intense rainfall.

Eastern and northeastern regions have been particularly affected, with more frequent and devastating floods and landslides, causing loss of lives and displacement of thousands.

The Devastating Effects:

The adverse effects of climate change in Uganda have become increasingly evident. Disasters such as landslides and flooding have claimed numerous lives and displaced thousands.

Recently, landslides around Mount Muhavura and Mount Elgon resulted in casualties and mass displacement. These events are a stark reminder of the urgency to address climate change’s impacts and safeguard vulnerable communities.

Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sustainable Practices:

While Uganda boasts relatively low greenhouse gas emissions, there is an urgent need to promote green and clean technologies to further reduce its carbon footprint.

Currently, over 90% of Uganda’s electricity comes from hydroelectricity, but many rural areas still lack access to electricity, leading to the burning of wood for cooking and indirect deforestation.

Subsidizing the cost of hydroelectricity and encouraging the import of solar systems could mitigate this issue and preserve Uganda’s valuable forests.

Tackling Poverty in the Face of Climate Change:

Uganda faces the complex challenge of poverty and its intertwining with climate change. Developing countries, including Uganda, bear the brunt of climate-related disasters. This results in a high number of deaths and exacerbates existing poverty levels.

The rapid urbanization rate indicates the urgency of addressing climate change, as more people move to cities in search of opportunities and stability.

Urgent Call for Climate Education:

Climate change education is the key to equipping Uganda’s citizens, especially its youth, with the knowledge and skills to combat climate change. While some initiatives like UN CC Learn and Green Schools have made strides in promoting climate education, there is much more that can be done.

The Ministry of Education and Sports, in collaboration with other relevant agencies, must make climate change a compulsory subject in both primary and secondary school curricula.

By fostering a culture of environmental stewardship from an early age, students can become active participants in safeguarding the environment and adapting to sustainable practices.

Role of Tertiary Institutions in Climate Resilience:

Tertiary institutions play a crucial role in shaping the country’s future, and they must lead by example in climate resilience efforts. Emphasizing research, innovation, and knowledge creation focused on sustainable practices and green technologies will enable these institutions to become true beacons of hope for Uganda’s future.

A Paradigm Shift:

The article emphasizes that to achieve lasting change, a paradigm shift is necessary. Parents and guardians must take the lead in educating children about the importance of environmental preservation. It is crucial for them to set a positive example by practicing sustainable habits, such as waste disposal, tree planting, and avoiding activities that contribute to deforestation.


Uganda stands at a crucial crossroads in its fight against climate change. The devastating impacts on communities, economy, and environment call for urgent and comprehensive action.

Integrating climate change education into the national curriculum, promoting sustainable practices, and fostering a culture of environmental stewardship from the grassroots level will be instrumental in securing a sustainable future for Uganda.

By embracing innovation and adaptation, the country can stand resilient in the face of climate change and inspire others to follow suit. The time for action is now, and together, Uganda can pave the way towards a climate-resilient and sustainable future.

Fredrick T. Musiimenta The Writer is a Climate Change Enthusiast & Co-Founder of the Uganda Dialogue Arena (UDA). 

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